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易暈車的人看過來,了解動暈症讓你不昏頭 Motion Sickness: Causes and Cures

Motion Sickness: Causes and Cures
5/11 解析英語

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易暈車的人看過來,了解動暈症讓你不昏頭 Motion Sickness: Causes and Cures
事實上,三人中就有一人容易受到動暈症影響,尤其是女性與二至十二歲的孩童。
>> ✶ 防曬乳: 抗曬的第一道防線 Sunscreen: Your First Line of Defense against the Sun

 科普園地 

  Have you ever felt sick after riding a roller coaster? Or perhaps long, winding car rides make you dizzy? If so, then you have experienced motion sickness, and you are not the only one. In fact, *one in three people is vulnerable to motion sickness, especially females and children aged two to 12. Signs of the illness are varied but can include a headache, fatigue, vomiting, trouble breathing, pale skin, and loss of appetite.

  There are different types of motion sickness, such as carsickness, seasickness, or airsickness, but the common factor among them is that they occur when people are riding in some kind of vehicle. During the ride, motion-sensing parts of your body, including your eyes, inner ears, joints, and muscles, send messages to the brain. __________ For example, in a moving car, your ears sense movement, while your muscles and joints sense that your body is sitting still. Your brain may have trouble determining whether you’re moving or not, and the end result is that you feel sick.

  If you have motion sickness, keep your eyes closed and try to take a nap. This can relieve the conflict between what the eyes see and the inner ears sense. Another way is to focus on something that is not moving, such as the horizon in the distance. There are also some foods that can help, like ginger or mint. If you tend to suffer from serious motion sickness, you can take medicine before the ride, whether it’s bought over the counter or prescribed by your doctor. The good news is that motion sickness usually goes away shortly after your journey is over. So, once you get on stable ground, you’ll be fine in a few minutes.

 

1.   Which of the following statements is NOT true about motion sickness?

(A)  Around 33% of people easily get it.

(B)  Natural remedies for it include eating mint.

(C)  Staring at something stable can reduce the effects.

(D)  The term specifically refers to sickness one feels when riding in a car.

 

2.   Which of the following best fits the blank in the second paragraph?

(A)  The inner ears play an important role in balance.

(B)  Your brain receives conflicting information from them.

(C)  Getting information from the eyes, your brain thinks it’s moving.

(D)  Nearsighted people are less likely to experience motion sickness.

 

3.   How is the information about motion sickness organized in the passage?

(A)  Causes → symptoms → cures.

(B)  Remedies → causes → symptoms.

(C)  Symptoms → causes → remedies.

(D)  Cures → symptoms → causes.

 

答案:  1.   D    2.   B    3.   C

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創建專屬的單字、題目庫,隨時隨地都能高效複習!
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單字片語整理

Words in Use
relieve
[rɪˋliv]
vt. 減輕;緩和
determine
[dɪˋtɝmɪn]
vt. 決定;確定
vary
[ˋvɛrɪ]
vt. 改變
vi. 變化 ,相異,有不同之處
dizzy
[ˋdɪzɪ]
a. 暈眩的
joint
[dʒɔɪnt]
adj. 共有的,聯合的
n. 關節;結合處,連接點
horizon
[həˋraɪzn]
n. 地平線(單數);範圍,範疇(常用複數)
remedy
[ˋrɛmədɪ]
n. 治療法;補救(皆為可數,與介詞 for 並用)
vt. 補救
ginger
[ˋdʒɪndʒɚ]
n. 薑
fatigue
[fəˋtig]
vt. 使疲勞
n. 疲勞(不可數)
prescribe
[prɪˋskraɪb]
vt. 開立(藥方) ; 規定
symptom
[ˋsɪmptəm]
n. 症狀
vulnerable
[ˋvʌlnərəb!]
a. 脆弱的 ; (生理或心理) 易受傷的
mint
[mɪnt]
n. 薄荷 (不可數)
vomit
[ˋvɑmət]
vi. & vt. 嘔吐
n. 嘔吐物(不可數)
vehicle
[ˋviɪk!]
n. 車輛;任何有輪子的運載工具
inner
[ˋɪnɚ]
a. 內部的;內心的
wind
[waɪnd]
vi. (道路、河流)蜿蜒
vt. 上發條(= wind up);纏繞
roller coaster
[ˈrolɚ ˌkostɚ]
n. 雲霄飛車
Practical Phrases
in the distance
 在遙遠的地方

I see a girl in the distance.
我看到遠處有個女孩。

have trouble + V-ing
 在做……方面有困難
= have difficulty (in) + V-ing

I’m having trouble starting my car.
我的車子很難發動。

suffer from...
 飽受(疾病)之苦,罹患(疾病)

My father suffers from diabetes.
我爸爸患有糖尿病。

focus on...
 專注於……

Don’t bother Al. He is focused on his work.
別打擾艾爾。他正專心工作。

over the counter
 (藥品無需處方可以)直接透過櫃檯購買

You can get most cold remedies over the counter.
大部分的感冒藥都可不用處方直接向櫃檯購買

trouble breathing
 呼吸困難
the end result
 一連串事件產生的最終結果

內容皆出自《常春藤解析英語》與《常春藤生活英語》
2022/10/16 00:00 前購買即享
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作者

Nick Kembel
Nick Kembel
Don’t let the noise of other people’s opinions drown your inner voice.