Have you ever felt sick after riding a roller coaster? Or perhaps long, winding car rides make you dizzy? If so, then you have experienced motion sickness, and you are not the only one. In fact, *one in three people is vulnerable to motion sickness, especially females and children aged two to 12. Signs of the illness are varied but can include a headache, fatigue, vomiting, trouble breathing, pale skin, and loss of appetite.
There are different types of motion sickness, such as carsickness, seasickness, or airsickness, but the common factor among them is that they occur when people are riding in some kind of vehicle. During the ride, motion-sensing parts of your body, including your eyes, inner ears, joints, and muscles, send messages to the brain. __________ For example, in a moving car, your ears sense movement, while your muscles and joints sense that your body is sitting still. Your brain may have trouble determining whether you’re moving or not, and the end result is that you feel sick.
If you have motion sickness, keep your eyes closed and try to take a nap. This can relieve the conflict between what the eyes see and the inner ears sense. Another way is to focus on something that is not moving, such as the horizon in the distance. There are also some foods that can help, like ginger or mint. If you tend to suffer from serious motion sickness, you can take medicine before the ride, whether it’s bought over the counter or prescribed by your doctor. The good news is that motion sickness usually goes away shortly after your journey is over. So, once you get on stable ground, you’ll be fine in a few minutes.
1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about motion sickness?
(A) Around 33% of people easily get it.
(B) Natural remedies for it include eating mint.
(C) Staring at something stable can reduce the effects.
(D) The term specifically refers to sickness one feels when riding in a car.
2. Which of the following best fits the blank in the second paragraph?
(A) The inner ears play an important role in balance.
(B) Your brain receives conflicting information from them.
(C) Getting information from the eyes, your brain thinks it’s moving.
(D) Nearsighted people are less likely to experience motion sickness.
3. How is the information about motion sickness organized in the passage?
(A) Causes → symptoms → cures.
(B) Remedies → causes → symptoms.
(C) Symptoms → causes → remedies.
(D) Cures → symptoms → causes.
答案： 1. D 2. B 3. C