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✶不屈不撓的精神象徵: 達摩不倒翁 The Secret of Japan’s Daruma Dolls

The Secret of Japan’s Daruma Dolls
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不屈不撓的精神象徵: 達摩不倒翁 The Secret of Japan’s  Daruma Dolls
不屈不撓的精神象徵: 達摩不倒翁 The Secret of Japan’s Daruma Dolls
>> ✶日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers
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中文翻譯(& 答案)

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       Japanese culture has lots of traditional charms and symbols of good fortune. One of these is the Daruma doll. They can be seen in shop windows and homes, as well as in movies and animated programs. People use them for encouragement and to help themselves reach their goals. The typical Daruma doll is just a round ball made of paper mache, usually painted red, with part of the face left blank, symbolizing the fact that one’s future is not yet determined. The dolls have no arms or legs, and when they are sold at temples, they don’t have any eyes. In fact, it’s up to the person who buys one to give them their eyes.

       The dolls are modeled after a legendary Buddhist monk named Bodhidharma, who lived during the 5th and 6th century. He is famous for bringing Zen Buddhism to China and Japan, where he is known as Daruma. According to one legend, Bodhidharma meditated for nine years in a cave facing a wall with his eyes open. He accidentally fell asleep just once and was so furious with himself that he cut off his own eyelids so that he would never close his eyes again. Besides losing his eyelids, Bodhidharma’s arms and legs also atrophied and fell off as a consequence of his immobility for nine years, leaving him with just a head and a torso.

 

>> 日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers

      Despite the strange story to explain their appearance, the dolls represent Daruma’s perseverance and commitment to reaching his goals. In Japanese culture, people buy the dolls with a particular goal in mind. Then, they display the dolls where they will see them regularly. This reminds them to work toward the thing they hope to achieve. People may also hold the doll with their eyes closed and say a prayer for motivation or courage in reaching their goals.

 

 

單字片語整理

Words in Use
blank
[blæŋk]
adj. 空白的
n. 空白處,空格;(頭腦)一片空白
encouragement
[ɪnˋkɝɪdʒmənt]
n. 鼓勵;助長,促進
commitment
[kəˋmɪtmənt]
n. 承諾;奉獻(不可數)
motivation
[͵motəˋveʃən]
n. 動機;幹勁
legendary
[ˋlɛdʒənd͵ɛrɪ]
adj. 傳說的,傳奇的
symbolize
[ˋsɪmb!͵aɪz]
vt. . 象徵,代表
animated
[ˋænə͵metɪd]
a. 生動的;動畫的
remind
[rɪˋmaɪnd]
vt. 提醒;使想起
eyelid
[ˋaɪ͵lɪd]
n. . 眼皮,眼瞼
perseverance
[͵pɝsəˋvɪrəns]
n. . 毅力
meditate
[ˋmɛdə͵tet]
vi. . 深思熟慮;冥想,打坐
accidentally
[͵æksəˋdɛnt!ɪ]
adv. 偶然地,意外地
Buddhist
[ˋbʊdɪst]
a. 佛教的
Buddhism
[ˋbʊdɪzəm]
n. 佛教
torso
[ˋtɔrso]
n. (人體的)軀幹
immobility
[͵ɪmoˋbɪlətɪ]
n. 不動,靜止;無法移動
atrophy
[ˋætrəfɪ]
vi. (身體部位)萎縮
Practical Phrases
A be modeled after B
 A 仿照 B

This TV show is modeled after one from South Korea.
此電視節目是仿照韓國一個電視節目。

as a consequence of...
 因為……
= in consequence of...

As a consequence of your continual tardiness, 
I will dock your pay.
因為你常遲到,所以我要扣你薪水。

be up to
 由某人決定

It's up to Kent to make the final decision.
最後決定要取決於肯特。

be furious with sb
 生某人的氣

Tina's teacher was furious with her because she kept interrupting him.
蒂娜的老師對她很火大,因為她不斷地打斷他。

remind sb to V
 提醒某人(做)⋯⋯

Please remind me to call Sarah back this afternoon.
提醒我下午回電給莎拉。

    日本文化中有許多傳統的幸運符和好運象徵物。其中一個 就是達摩不倒翁。可以在商店櫥窗中、家中,以及電影和動畫節目中見到它們。人們使用它們來當作鼓勵,並幫助自己達成目標。典型的達摩不倒翁僅是一個由混凝紙漿製成的圓球,通常被漆成紅色,有著一張部分是空白的面孔,象徵某人的未來尚未被決定的事實。這些達摩不倒翁沒有手臂或腿,且它們在寺廟被出售時沒有眼睛。事實上,是否幫達摩不倒翁繪製眼睛取決於購買者。

    這些達摩不倒翁是以生活在五至六世紀、一位名為菩提達摩的傳奇佛教僧人為範本而設計。他以將佛教禪宗傳入中國和日本而聞名,他在日本被稱為 Daruma(達摩)。根據一個傳說,菩提達摩在一個洞穴中睜開著眼睛面壁打坐了九年。他只有一次不小心睡著了,他對自己非常生氣,所以割掉了自己的眼皮,這樣他的眼睛就不會再閉上了。菩提達摩除了失去了眼皮,他的手臂和腿也因為九年不動而萎縮掉了下來,只剩下一 個頭和軀幹。

    儘管有著奇怪的故事來解釋它們的外表,這些達摩不倒翁代表著達摩的堅持不懈和致力於達成其目標。在日本文化中, 人們購買這些達摩不倒翁時心中有著特定的目標。然後,他們將這些達摩不倒翁陳列在他們能夠經常看到的地方。這提醒他們要為了他們希望實現的事情而努力。人們也可能會閉著眼睛握著這些達摩不倒翁,為自己在達成目標的過程中能夠獲得動力或勇氣而祈禱。

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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Duncan DeAeth
Duncan DeAeth
Time is what we want most and what we use worst.
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