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「麻醉覺醒」: 在醫生的手術刀下醒來 Awake under the Knife

Awake under the Knife
#文意選填 #心靈·療癒 #安全·醫療
1/29 解析英語
  • 作者 Ivy Liu
  • 閱讀時間 5分鐘

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「麻醉覺醒」: 在醫生的手術刀下醒來 Awake under the Knife
一個人對自我的知覺。當被施以麻醉時,意識就會降低。
>> 下雨天了怎麼辦~我好想睡~How Rain Makes Us Sleepy

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    Consciousness, though complex and difficult to define, is commonly described as one’s awareness of oneself in relation to the surrounding world. When anesthesia is __1__, consciousness diminishes. This results in a state that __2__ that of a coma. Most people wake up after surgery without experiencing the trauma and pain that would usually happen during a procedure. However, that was not the case for a Canadian woman named Donna Penner.

    In 2008, Penner __3__ an abdominal procedure due to heavy bleeding during her menstrual cycle. Initially, she thought the surgery had gone as planned and was over as she regained consciousness. However, she soon realized with sheer __4__ that she had woken up right before the surgeon was about to make his first cut, but she was unable to move. The general anesthetic had failed, but her body was completely __5__ because of the use of a paralytic agent. She could not communicate that something was wrong. For the next hour and a half, Penner was in extreme agony as the surgery continued, despite her __6__ attempts to move her foot and her skyrocketing heart rate. The traumatic experience of anesthesia awareness, waking up during surgery that __7__ general anesthesia, left Penner with years of post-traumatic stress disorder. This condition caused her to suffer from recurrent nightmares and forced her to take medical leave from her job.

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
procedure
[prəˋsidʒɚ]
n. 步驟,手續 (與介詞 for 並用)
agent
[ˋedʒənt]
n. 代理商,經紀人
suffer
[ˋsʌfɚ]
vt. 遭受
vi. 受苦
surgeon
[ˋsɝdʒən]
n. 外科醫師
surgery
[ˋsɝdʒərɪ]
n. 外科手術(不可數)
nightmare
[ˋnaɪt͵mɛr]
n. 惡夢;可怕的情景
diminish
[dəˋmɪnɪʃ]
vt. & vi. 減少;降低(重要性)
assess
[əˋsɛs]
vt. 評估;對……估價
agony
[ˋægənɪ]
n. 痛苦
stimulus
[ˋstɪmjələs]
n. 刺激 ; 激勵
sheer
[ʃɪr]
a. 完全的,純然的
adv. 陡峭地
trauma
[ˋtrɔmə]
n. (情感的) 創傷
abdominal
[æbˋdɑmən!]
a. 腹部的
regain
[rɪˋgen]
vt. 恢復;重新獲得
skyrocket
[ˋskaɪ͵rɑkɪt]
vi. 飆升,急速上揚
traumatic
[trɔˋmætɪk]
a. 造成創傷的;痛苦難忘的
intricacy
[ˋɪntrəkəsɪ]
n. 錯綜複雜
anesthesia
[͵ænəsˋθiʒə]
n. 麻醉
coma
[ˋkomə]
n. 昏迷
menstrual
[ˋmɛnstrʊəl]
a. 月經的
anesthetic
[͵ænəsˋθɛtɪk]
n. 麻醉藥
paralytic
[͵pærəˋlɪtɪk]
a. 麻痺的
recurrent
[rɪˋkɝənt]
a. 一再出現的
sedation
[sɪˋdeʃən]
n. (服鎮靜劑後的)鎮靜(狀態)
Practical Phrases
suffer from...
 飽受(疾病)之苦,罹患(疾病)

My father suffers from diabetes.
我爸爸患有糖尿病。

in agony
 痛苦地,身處痛苦之中

Daniel screamed in agony after the drunken man attacked him with a bat and broke his leg.
丹尼爾被該酒醉男子持球棒攻擊打斷腿後,發出痛苦的慘叫聲。

shed light on
 闡明某事

A recent study has shed light on the causes of climate change.
最近的一項研究闡明了氣候變遷的成因。

in relation to
 有關⋯⋯

Christine said nothing in relation to the test she failed yesterday.
關於克莉絲汀昨天考不及格的測驗,她隻字未提。

go as planned
 事情按計畫進行

Despite careful preparations, the project didn't go as planned due to unexpected issues.
儘管精心準備,該專案因意外的問題而未如計畫進行

general anesthesia
 全身麻醉
the menstrual cycle
 月經週期
a general anesthetic
 全身麻醉劑
a paralytic agent
 麻痺劑
vital signs
 生命跡象(一些顯示健康狀況的人體特 徵,如體溫、呼吸率和心跳等)

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