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1.人工智慧對環境的影響 2.美國編劇工會批准新合約

1.The Environmental Impact of AI 2.Writers Guild of America Approves New Contract
#國外 #數位·科技·科學 #時事 #永續發展 SDGs
2/6 解析英語

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1.人工智慧對環境的影響 2.美國編劇工會批准新合約
隨著越來越多人採用像 ChatGPT 這樣的人工智慧工具,
>> 花蓮外海發生強烈7.2級地震 Strong 7.2 earthquake strikes off Hualien

新聞集錦

The Environmental Impact of AI

    As more and more people adopt AI tools like ChatGPT, questions have been raised about the environmental impact of this technology. Currently, very little data is available regarding the resource demands of AI. However, one study conducted by researchers at two American universities has shed some light on the amount of water required. The researchers discovered that an estimated 700,000 liters of fresh water was needed to train GPT-3. Furthermore, ChatGPT requires 500 milliliters of water for every 20 to 50 questions.

    Data centers located in large warehouses are needed to house the many computational servers used to host programs like ChatGPT. These centers need large amounts of energy to run and can produce excessive amounts of heat. Thus, water is used for cooling.

    In light of these findings, it is becoming increasingly evident that as AI technology continues to advance and gain wider adoption, its environmental impact should be a central consideration.

 

What Did You Learn?

1. Why does ChatGPT need water in the training process?

 

參考答案:

1. It requires water for cooling (due to a lot of heat being produced).

 

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
evident
[ˋɛvədənt]
a. 明顯的
literary
[ˋlɪtə͵rɛrɪ]
a. 文學的
assurance
[əˋʃʊrəns]
n. 保證;自信,把握,胸有成竹
ongoing
[ˋɑn͵goɪŋ]
a. 前進的;不斷發展中的
compensation
[͵kɑmpənˋseʃən]
n. 補償(不可數)
excessive
[ɪkˋsɛsɪv]
a. 過多的
initial
[ɪˋnɪʃəl]
a. 初期的
n. (姓名的)第一個字母
vt. 在……上簽署姓名的首字母
minimum
[ˋmɪnəməm]
n. 最小量
a. 最小量的
disclose
[dɪsˋkloz]
vt. 揭露
warehouse
[ˋwɛr͵haʊs]
n. 倉庫
vt. 把……放入倉庫
conduct
[ˋkɑndʌkt]
n. 行為(不可數)
resource
[rɪˋsors]
n. 資源(常用複數)
solidarity
[͵sɑləˋdærətɪ]
n. . 團結
liter
[ˋlitɚ]
n. . 公升〔美〕= litre〔英〕)
approve
[əˋpruv]
vt. 批准,核可
vi. 贊同(與介詞 of 並用)
guild
[gɪld]
n. 同業公會
adoption
[əˋdɑpʃən]
n. 採用,採取(不可數)
milliliter
[ˋmɪlɪ͵litɚ]
n. 毫升
computational
[͵kɑmpjəˋteʃən!]
a. 計算的
residual
[rɪˋzɪdʒʊəl]
a. 剩餘的
Practical Phrases
an estimated + 數字
 估計有……

An estimated 20,000 people will participate in the demonstration.
估計將有 2 萬人參與這次的示威遊行。

shed light on
 闡明某事

A recent study has shed light on the causes of climate change.
最近的一項研究闡明了氣候變遷的成因。

in favor of
 支持⋯⋯
in light of
 鑑於/考量到⋯⋯

In light of the bad weather, the school decided to cancel the field trip.
考量到天氣不好,學校決定取消校外教學。

be in effect
 生效

A new traffic regulation will be in effect next month to ensure pedestrians’ safety.
有一條新交通規定將於下個月生效,以確保行人安全。

the picket line
 (罷工)糾察線(指參與罷工的勞 工於工作場所附近集結,以說服其他勞工加入)
on the picket line
 加入罷工

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