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比薩斜塔其實是建築業的黑歷史!?The Leaning Tower of Pisa: From Flawed Construction to Tourist Marvel

The Leaning Tower of Pisa: From Flawed Construction to Tourist Marvel
#文意選填 #國外 #休閒旅遊
5/1 解析英語

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比薩斜塔其實是建築業的黑歷史!?The Leaning Tower of Pisa: From Flawed Construction to Tourist Marvel
義大利的比薩斜塔在喜歡拍趣味照的觀光客之間很有人氣
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    Italy’s Leaning Tower of Pisa is popular among tourists who like to take fun photos. By standing at a certain __1__ and using a strategic camera angle, tourists can create a visual illusion of kicking over the leaning tower in their pictures. Yet, many of them don’t know that behind the __2__ photos are construction challenges.

    As part of Pisa Cathedral, the tower began construction in 1173. When work was done on the third of its eight stories, the tower unexpectedly started tilting in a southerly direction. This tilt was due to the fact that the tower was built on __3__ ground that was a weak mixture of sand, clay, and shells. Then, a war between Pisa and another Italian city, Genoa, __4__. This caused construction to be put off for almost a century. Later attempts to fix the lean didn’t produce the desired results and __5__ the situation. Consequently, workers put less effort into straightening the structure. Construction was finally completed in the middle of the 1300s.

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單字片語整理

Words in Use
lean
[lin]
vi. 斜靠
a. 瘦的;人事精簡的
marvel
[ˋmɑrv!]
vi. . 驚訝
strategic
[strəˋtidʒɪk]
a. 戰略
visual
[ˋvɪʒuəl]
a. 視覺的
n. 圖像
unexpectedly
[͵ʌnɪkˋspɛktɪdlɪ]
adv. 出乎意料地,無預警地
desired
[dɪˋzaɪrd]
a. 想要的;預期的(本文為過去分詞作形容詞用)
structure
[ˋstrʌktʃɚ]
n. 結構;建築物
slope
[slop]
n. 斜坡;山坡
reduction
[rɪˋdʌkʃən]
n. 減少;折扣
unpredictable
[͵ʌnprɪˋdɪktəb!]
a. 不可預料的,難以預料的
Extra Words
flawed
[flɔd]
a. 有瑕疵的
illusion
[ɪˋljuʒən]
n. 錯誤的觀念;錯覺,幻覺
cathedral
[kəˋθidrəl]
n. 大教堂
tilt
[tɪlt]
vt. & vi. (使)傾斜
southerly
[ˋsʌðɚlɪ]
a. 向南的
straighten
[ˋstretn]
vt. & vi. (使)變直
vt. 整頓,整理
southward
[ˋsaʊθwɚd]
adv. 向南地
Practical Phrases
be popular among / with...
 在⋯⋯之間很受歡迎

The fashion brand is popular among young adults for its trendy designs.
那個時尚品牌在年輕人之間很有人氣,因為設計很潮。

put off + N/V-ing
 暫緩……
put effort into
 付出心力於⋯⋯

The local government is putting effort into landscaping the entire city.
地方政府正致力於美化整座城市的景觀。

plenty of...
 很多的⋯⋯

We still have plenty of time to catch the train.
我們還有很多的時間趕上火車。

回饋與建議

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作者

David J. Hurfurt
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