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家庭用水概況分析 How Much Water Do We Use?

請根據此圖表, 寫一篇文長至少 120 個 單詞( words) 的英文作文。
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Karen, Wesley

提示

上圖為臺灣近年家庭用水情況的調查結果, 請根據此圖表, 寫一篇文長至少 120 個單詞( words) 的英文作文。文分兩段, 第一段描述圖表內容, 並指出各項用水的比例分布;第二段說明你們家平時的用水以哪些方面為主,以及日常如何節約用水。

 

寫作指導

圖表寫作的重點在於根據圖表所提供的數據或文字等訊息,將之轉換成文字,並說明該圖表所呈現的內容。在分析圖表內容之後,筆者可從中找尋該圖表內容與自身經驗是否有相似或相異之處,再加以闡述。圖表寫作有以下三個重點:

  1. 仔細審題:
    一張圖表中可能包含很多資訊,但不需全面地描述圖表,而是針對圖表內的某些內容進行重點式的描述與分析。
    因此,在下筆前應先仔細分析圖表所要呈現的重點,才能正確且簡要地說明該圖表的內容。
  2. 重點式描述圖表:
    一般而言,不需要鉅細靡遺地描述圖表上的各項數據,而是應仔細觀察圖表中數據的變化,在比較或歸納之後,找出其中最具代表性的幾個數據,並加以說明這些數據所代表的現象。
  3. 與自身經驗連結:
    簡述圖表所呈現的現象之後,再與自身的生活經驗作連結,找出其中的相似或相異處。接著再進一步說明與圖表中相似或相異的原因為何。

 

大綱

第一段
主題句
The pie chart, divided into six slices, indicates how much water is used domestically in Taiwan.
a. The largest consumption of water is for showers and baths (27%), while toilet and faucet use are pretty close at 22% and 21%, respectively.
b. Doing the laundry makes up 15% of the total water usage.
c. Nine percent of water is wasted through leaky pipes, and another 6% is used for purposes not listed.
第二段
主題句
Like with most families, the primary uses of water in my home are the showers, toilets, and faucets.
a. To conserve water at home, we installed water-saving faucets and toilets.
b. We collect extra water from our shower and only turn on the faucet when needed.
c. We run the washing machine only for full loads and check for leaky pipes regularly.
結論句 While these are only small adjustments, they do help save a considerable amount of water for my family.

 

範文

The pie chart, divided into six slices, indicates how much water is used domestically in Taiwan. First, water for showers and baths accounts for the largest consumption of water (27%), with toilet (22%) and faucet (21%) use being almost equal. Doing the laundry is another source of water use, making up 15% of the total. The loss of water through leaky pipes is recorded at 9%, while other minor things constitute 6%.

Like with most families, the primary uses of water in my home are the showers, toilets, and faucets. Since water shortages have become a serious global problem, my family does its best to reduce the amount of water used at home. First of all, we installed low-flow faucets and dual-flush toilets a year ago. Also, while waiting for the shower to heat up, we use a bucket to collect water for cleaning purposes or watering plants. In addition, when we brush our teeth, we keep the faucet turned off until we are ready to rinse. If possible, we only run the washing machine for full loads. Lastly, we check for leaky pipes on a regular basis. While these are only small adjustments, they do help save a considerable amount of water for my family.

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Analytical Editors
Analytical Editors