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✶日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers

Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers
#閱讀測驗 #國外 #美食料理 #飲食 #全英文講解
3/20 解析英語

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日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers
和日本文化的許多方面一樣,當你在享用麵食時也有禮儀要遵循。
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閱讀測驗

   As with many aspects of Japanese culture, there is etiquette to follow when you enjoy noodles. To fully experience noodles like a local on your next visit to Japan, consider these simple guidelines.

     First, be careful where you put your chopsticks. Don’t leave them sticking up in the broth or set them at the side of the bowl. When you have finished eating or if you’re taking a break, place them on the chopstick rest next to the bowl. Also, it is impolite to wave chopsticks around or bring them above mouth-level. Second, don’t take too many breaks or spend a long time eating your meal. Noodles taste the best when they are freshly boiled. It is proper etiquette to eat them swiftly. Third, it is a sign of respect to finish everything you order. That means people should try to empty their bowls by drinking the broth left after finishing the noodles. Diners are encouraged to lift the bowl to their mouth, just as if it were a giant cup.

 

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    Visitors to Japan may also notice that Japanese people love to slurp their noodles. Although making such noises while dining may seem rude in many countries, in Japan, slurping shows appreciation and indicates that diners enjoy the taste. People say that taking air into one’s mouth with each slurp also enhances the flavors of the broth and noodles. Lastly, people slurp to help them finish their noodles as fast as possible, which, of course, is the best way to enjoy them.

1. According to the Day 1 passage, which of the following statements is true?

(A) In Japan, those who enjoy eating udon noodles usually prefer hot weather.

(B) Ramen noodles are typically accompanied by wasabi and seaweed.

(C) If you want to get full, it is recommended to order udon noodles.

(D) Japanese people brought noodles to China in the 9th century.

2. It is summertime. Rachel is placing an order for noodles at a Japanese restaurant. She would like something to cool her off a bit, but is not fond of very thick noodles. What kind of noodles would she probably choose?
(A) Ramen. (B) Udon. (C) Soba. (D) Instant noodles.
3. What is viewed as proper when eating noodles in a Japanese restaurant?
(A) Leaving soup broth in the bowl. (B) Pointing with your chopsticks.
(C) Taking a long time to finish. (D) Consuming all the food you’ve ordered.
4. What is NOT a reason Japanese people slurp their noodles while eating?
(A) It is said to increase the flavor. (B) It shows that one enjoys the meal.
(C) Slurping is considered a beautiful sound. (D) Slurping noodles helps one eat quickly.

單字片語整理

Words in Use
encourage
[ɪnˋkɝɪdʒ]
vt. 鼓勵;助長,促進
etiquette
[ˋɛtɪkɛt]
n. 禮節,禮儀
slurp
[slɝp]
vt. & vi. 出聲地吃/喝
aspect
[ˋæspɛkt]
n. 方面
guideline
[ˋgaɪd͵laɪn]
n. 行動綱領,指導方針 (常用複數)
impolite
[͵ɪmpəˋlaɪt]
adj. 無禮的
freshly
[ˋfrɛʃlɪ]
adv. 新鮮地
swiftly
[ˋswɪftlɪ]
adv. 快速地
rude
[rud]
adj. 無禮的,粗魯的
appreciation
[ə͵priʃɪˋeʃən]
n. 感激;欣賞
enhance
[ɪnˋhæns]
vt. . 增強
accompany
[əˋkʌmpənɪ]
vt. 陪伴
recommend
[͵rɛkəˋmɛnd]
vt. 建議
Practical Phrases
as with
 和⋯⋯一樣
stick up
 豎起;向上突出

The cat arched its back with its fur sticking up when it sensed an approaching stranger.
在察覺有個陌生人正在接近牠時,這隻貓拱起背來且毛都豎直了。

encourage sb to V
 鼓勵某人做……

The teacher encouraged us to try again.
老師鼓勵我們再試一次。

a chopstick rest
 筷架

empty  vt. 使變空

Martin emptied the ashtray and rinsed it out.

馬丁將菸灰缸清空並沖洗了一下。


以下介紹 empty 作不同詞性時的意思:

a. (vt.) 使變空,傾空(本文用法)

b. (vi.) 注入(大海)

The teacher told Ivy that the Tamsui River empties into the Taiwan Strait.

那名老師告訴艾薇淡水河會注入臺灣海峽。

c. (a.) 空的;無人的;空洞的,無意義的

This medicine must be taken on an empty stomach.

這種藥必須空腹食用。

The street was empty as everyone had already gone home.

街道上空無一人,因為大家都已經回家了。

Gary felt that life had become empty, filled with meaningless days.

蓋瑞感到生活變得空虛,充滿了毫無意義的日子。

d. (n.) 空瓶子(等容器)(常用複數)

I picked up the empties and tossed them into the recycling bin.

我撿起了空瓶子,然後丟進回收桶。

Diners are encouraged to lift the bowl to their mouth, just as if it were a giant cup.

as if... 的用法

as if (= as though) 表「彷彿,好像」,為副詞連接詞,引導副詞子句修飾主要子句,使用時有三種時態:

※ 表示情況、事實或極大的可能時,子句中的動詞用一般時態(如現在式、過去式、未來式、現在完成式、進行式等)。

Life is full of ups and downs. Sometimes I feel as if there is no way to avoid them.

人生充滿起起伏伏。有時候我覺得彷彿無可避免。

Ed coughed a lot and had a runny nose; it seemed as if he had a bad cold.

艾德一直咳嗽又流鼻水;他看起來像是得了重感冒。

※ 表與現在事實不符或相反時,動詞使用過去式。(本文用法)

Jason parked his car in the middle of the street as if he owned the place.

傑森把他的車停在街道中間,好像那是他專屬的地盤一樣。

※ 表與過去事實不符或相反時,動詞使用過去完成式。

Andy looked at the steak as if he hadn’t eaten anything for days.

安迪看著那塊牛排的樣子彷彿好幾天沒吃東西似的。

Edward’s hair was so greasy that it looked as if he hadn’t washed his hair for a month.

愛德華的頭髮很油,看起來像是一個月沒有洗頭髮了。


 精選試題 

The police treated Jack as if he _____ a serial killer.

(A) is (B) were (C) be (D) has been

 

答案:B

    和日本文化的許多方面一樣,當你在享用麵食時也有禮儀要遵循。要在你下次造訪日本時像當地人一樣充分體驗享用麵食,請花點時間看看這些簡單的指南。

    首先,小心你放置筷子的地方。不要讓它們豎立在湯底中或放在碗的一側。當你用完餐或休息時,將它們放在碗旁邊的筷架上。此外,揮動筷子或將它們舉到嘴巴以上都是不禮貌的。第二,不要休息太久或花太長時間用餐。麵條在剛煮好時味道最好。迅速食用是正確的禮儀。第三,吃完你點的所有食物是一種尊重的表示。那意味著人們應該盡量在吃完麵條後把剩下的湯汁喝光。用餐者被鼓勵像舉起巨大的杯子一樣將碗舉到嘴巴前喝。

    造訪日本的遊客可能也會注意到日本人很愛吸麵條。雖然在許多國家中,用餐時發出這樣的聲音可能看似不禮貌,但在日本,吸吮是表示讚賞,表明用餐者很喜歡食物的味道。有人說,每次吸吮時將空氣帶入口中還能增強湯汁和麵條的風味。最後,人們吸吮以幫助自己盡快吃完麵條,這當然是享用它們的最佳方式。

1. 根據第一天文章,以下哪一個敘述是正確的?
(A) 在日本,喜歡吃烏龍麵的人通常比較喜歡熱的天氣。 (B) 拉麵麵條通常會搭配山葵和海帶。
(C) 如果你想吃飽,建議可以點烏龍麵。 (D) 日本人於九世紀將麵條引入中國。
2. 現在是夏天。瑞秋正在一家日本餐廳點麵。她想要點一些能稍微讓她涼快的東西,但她不喜歡非常粗的麵條。她可能會選擇什麼樣的麵條呢?
(A) 拉麵。 (B) 烏龍麵。 (C) 蕎麥麵。 (D) 泡麵。
3. 在日本餐廳吃麵時,何者被視為是適當的行為?
(A) 在碗中留下湯汁。 (B) 用筷子指來指去。
(C) 花很長時間才吃完餐點。 (D) 把你點的所有食物都吃完。
4. 何者不是日本人在進食時吸麵條的原因?
(A) 據說這樣可以增加風味。 (B) 顯示出對餐點的喜愛。
(C) 吸麵條被視為是一種美妙的聲音。 (D) 吸麵條有助於吃得快。

答案: 1 C 2 C 3 D 4 C

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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Duncan DeAeth
Duncan DeAeth
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