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【用「聽」的圖示英文法】Unit 7 動名詞 — 要點#4 介系詞(片語)+ V-ing/n.

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【用「聽」的圖示英文法】Unit 7 動名詞 — 要點#4 介系詞(片語)+ V-ing/n.
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要點 #4
介系詞(片語)+ V-ing/n.
  1. How / What about + V-ing/n...? → ……如何?(表建議)
     
  2. be not above + V-ing → 不會不屑於……
     
  3. be against + V-ing → 禁止∕反對……
     
  4. besides + V-ing/n → 除……之外(包含)
    = in addition to + V-ing/n
     
  5. between + V-ing...and V-ing... → 因……又因……
    = what with + V-ing...and V-ing...
     
  6. (be) far from + V-ing... → 一點也不……
     
  7. apart / aside from + V-ing/n. → 除……之外
    = except for + V-ing/n.(不包含)
    = in addition to + V-ing/n.(包含)
     
  8. insist on (one's) + V-ing → 堅持(某人)……
  9. instead of + V-ing → 不……(反而)……
     
  10.  (be) like + V-ing → 像……
    = such as + V-ing(舉例用)
     
  11. feel like + V-ing... → 想要(做)……
    = would like to + V
     
  12. look like + V-ing/n. → 看起來像……
  13. be past + V-ing → 不再……
  14. dream of + V-ing → 夢想……
  15. be worth + V-ing/n. → 值得……

《補充說明》

一般介系詞之後接 n. 或 V-ing,但 do / did nothing except / but + V,表『除⋯⋯之外,什麼也沒做』。
 

 

  • How / What about having lunch together?
    = How / What about we have lunch together?(現代口語)
    (我們一塊吃午餐如何?)
  • Far from reading the letter, she tore it into pieces.
    (非但沒有讀,她把那封信撕碎了。)
  • The result is far from (being) satisfactory.(接 adj. 時 being 可省)
    (這結果一點也不令人滿意。)
  • A good book is worth reading many times.
    (好書值得多看幾回。)
  • I used to worry about her coming home late, but now I'm past caring.
    (我曾經擔心她晚回家,但現在已不在乎了。)
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單字片語整理

Words in Use
above
[əˋbʌv]
prep. 在……上面
adv. 在上面;在上文
adj. 前述的
against
[əˋgɛnst]
prep. 反對
besides
[bɪˋsaɪdz]
prep. 除……之外
adv. 此外(= additionally)
between
[bɪˋtwin]
prep. & adv. 在(兩者、時間等)之間(地)
elevator
[ˋɛlə͵vetɚ]
n. 電梯(= lift〔英〕)
motivate
[ˋmotə͵vet]
.vt. 促使,激發
perform
[pɚˋfɔrm]
vt. 執行;履行
vi. 表演;表現
detailed
[ˋdiˋteld]
a. 詳盡的
arrange
[əˋrendʒ]
vt. & vi. 安排,籌劃
vt. 排列,布置
regulation
[͵rɛgjəˋleʃən]
n. 規定,法規
percent
[pɚˋsɛnt]
n. 百分之(幾)
respondent
[rɪˋspɑndənt]
n. 應答者,答覆者,受訪者
information
[͵ɪnfɚˋmeʃən]
n. 消息,資料
Practical Phrases
in addition to + N/V-ing
 除了……之外還

In addition to attending school during the day, Sandy goes to work at night.
珊蒂了白天上學之外,晚上要工作。

be far from+adj./N/V-ing
 遠不及......

What Elaine said was far from the truth.

伊蓮所說的跟事實相差甚遠

aside from...
 除了……

Aside from fishing, Stanley also enjoys hiking.
除了釣魚外,史丹利也喜歡健行。

apart from...
 除了……
= aside from

John occasionally goes hiking. Apart from that, he hardly has any hobbies.
約翰偶爾會健行。之外,他幾乎沒有什麼嗜好。

except for...
 除了⋯⋯之外

No one can do it except for Peter.
了彼得以外,沒有人能做這件事。

insist on
 堅決要求……;堅稱……

The teacher insisted on having weekly tests as scheduled.
這位老師堅持要如期舉行週考。

instead of N/V-ing
 而非⋯⋯

Julie decided to rent an apartment instead of buying a house.
茱莉決定租公寓而不買房子。

such as...
 例如……

Roger has many hobbies, such as hiking and stamp collecting.
羅傑有很多嗜好,例如健行和集郵。

feel like + S + V
 感覺好像⋯⋯

Gary feels like he is being followed.
蓋瑞感覺好像自己被跟蹤了。

feel like + N/V-ing
 想要做……
= would like to

I feel like seeing a movie tonight.
我今晚去看場電影。

Do you feel like going to the movies tonight?
你今晚看電影嗎?

would like to V
 想要做......
dream of + N/V-ing
 夢想(成為 / 擁有)……

Keith dreamed of being rich and having a big house.
凱斯的夢想是變得有錢和有一棟大房子。

be worth + N/V-ing
 值得……

The painting is worth five million dollars.
這幅畫 5 百萬美元。

The record is worth listening to again and again.
這張唱片值得一聽再聽。

be described as...
 被描述成/形容為⋯⋯

Jenny is described as a kind and warm girl.
珍妮被描述成一個善良又溫暖的女孩。

a series of + 複數名詞
 一系列的……

There have been a series of burglaries on the east side of the town.
城鎮的東區發生了一連串的竊盜案件。

watch TV
 看電視
= watch television
= watch the tube
work hard
 努力(work 是動詞)
take up...
 接受⋯⋯(挑戰、建議等);從事⋯⋯;開始學⋯⋯;占據⋯⋯(時間或空間)

Tai Tzu-ying's surprising performance at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics has encouraged many people in Taiwan to take up badminton.
在 2020 東京奧運中戴資穎出乎意料的表現已經鼓舞許多臺灣人開始學羽毛球。

My suitcase takes up a lot of space in my bedroom closet.
我的行李箱占了房間衣櫃很多空間。

in public
 公開地,當眾

The basketball star hasn't been seen in public for years.

這名籃球明星好幾年沒公開出現了。

a railway station
 火車站〔英〕
= a railroad station
turn to...
 求助於⋯⋯

I could have lent you the money, but you did not turn to me for help.
我本來能借給你那筆錢,但你沒有向我求助。

turn to sb for sth
 向某人尋求某事物

My dad is wise, so I always turn to him for opinions.
我爸很有智慧,所以我總是徵詢他的意見。

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