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【用「聽」的圖示英文法】Unit 7 動名詞 — 要點#5 常用片語皆帶介系詞

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【用「聽」的圖示英文法】Unit 7 動名詞 — 要點#5 常用片語皆帶介系詞
升學考試、多益測驗、全民英檢、社會進修適用!
延伸閱讀 >> 【英文整聊室】#03 「儘管、雖然」的用法
要點 #4
介系詞(片語)+ V-ing/n.
  1. be accustomed / used to → 習慣於……
  2. be addicted to → 沈湎於……
  3. adapt (oneself) to →(使自己)適應……
  4. amount to → 等於……
     
  5. apply oneself to → 致力於……
    = dedicate oneself / one's time to
    = devote oneself / one's time to
     
  6. come close to → 差一點就……
    = come near (to)
     
  7. confess to → 承∕招認……
  8. due / owing / thanks to → 因為……
  9. be equal to →(能)勝任……
  10. in addition to → 除……:之外
  11. look forward to → 期盼……
    = anticipate
     
  12. object to → 反對……
    = be opposed to = oppose
     
  13. prefer...to... → 寧願……而不……;喜歡……甚於……
  14. resort to → 訴諸(不良手段)
  15. take to →(開始)喜歡……
  16. What do you say to...? → ……你意下如何?
    = What / How about...?
     
  17. when it comes to → 說到……
    = speaking of
     
  18. with a view to → 為了……
    = with an eye to
  • Many old people cannot adapt to living alone after their spouse died.
    (很多老人在配偶過世後無法適應獨居生活。)
  • His bitter smile amounted to saying no.
    (他的苦笑等於是說不。)
    Don't worry. You would be equal to running such a business.
    (不用擔心。經營這樣的企業你能勝任的。)
  • What do you say to renting a car?
    = What do you say we rent a car?(現代口語)
    (租一部車子你意下如何?)
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延伸閱讀 >> 解析文法【人稱代名詞】

單字片語整理

Words in Use
confess
[kənˋfɛs]
.vt. & vi. 坦承
anticipate
[ænˋtɪsə͵pet]
vt. 期待,預期(常用名詞或動名詞作受詞)
oppose
[əˋpoz]
vt. 反對,反抗
spouse
[spaʊz]
n. 配偶
rent
rɛnt]
vt. 出租,租給
vt. & vi. 租借
n. 租金
careless
tattoo
[tæˋtu]
vt. & n. . 刺青
waist
[west]
n. 腰(部)
already
[ɔlˋrɛdɪ]
adv. 已經
devote
[dɪˋvot]
vt. 致力於
biological
[͵baɪəˋlɑdʒɪk!]
a. 生物 (學) 的
explanation
[͵ɛkspləˋneʃən]
n. 解釋,說明
knowledge
[ˋnɑlɪdʒ]
n. 知識;了解
nowadays
[ˋnaʊə͵dez]
adv. 現今
surf
[sɝf]
vt. 上網
vi. 衝浪
outbreak
[ˋaʊt͵brek]
n. . 爆發
destruction
[dɪˋstrʌkʃən]
n. 破壞(不可數)
million
[ˋmɪljən]
n. 百萬
retirement
[rɪˋtaɪrmənt]
n. 退休
perfect
[ˋpɝfɪkt]
n. (文法)完成式
adj. 完美的;完全的
while
[(h)waɪl]
n. 一段時間(只用單數)
vt. 消磨
conj. 當;而;雖然
frankly
[ˋfræŋklɪ]
adv. 坦白說
prefer
[prɪˋfɝ]
vt. 比較喜歡
knee
[ni]
Practical Phrases
be accustomed to + N/V-ing
 習慣於……
= be used to
be used to + N/V-ing
 習慣於……

Jack is used to driving to work.
傑克習慣開車去上班。她的照片中發現了她以前男友的照片。

be addicted to cigarettes / smoking
 有菸癮
be adapted to
 使適應/習慣於⋯⋯
amount to
 (加起來)總計達⋯⋯

On average, food wasted in the country amounts to three million tons a year.
平均而言,該國一年浪費了總計達三百萬噸的食物。

apply to...
 適用於……

The first half of the questionnaire applies only to graduate students.
這份問卷的前半部只適用於研究生。

devote oneself to + N/V-ing
 某人奉獻 / 致力於……

Denny has devoted himself to helping the poor.
丹尼一直都致力於幫助窮人。

come close to+N/Ving
 差一點......

We came close to winning the contest.
我們差一點就贏了這場比賽。

due to + N/V-ing
 因為……;由於……
= because of...

Jim was absent from work yesterday due to illness.
吉姆昨天生病而沒來上班。

owing to
 由於

Owing to poor management, the factory shut down 2 years after it was established.
由於管理不善,工廠建立兩年後就關門大吉了。

owing to...
 因為…… / 由於⋯⋯
= because of...
= on account of...

Owing to his good looks, the actor has a lot of fans.
由於相貌英俊,這名男演員有許多粉絲。

owing to + N/V-ing
 由於……
= due to
thanks to
 由於/幸虧⋯⋯
= as a result of...
= because of...
= due to

Thanks to the new treatment, the patient's condition has improved.
幸虧有新的療法,這位病人的情況已經好轉。

be equal to...
 等於⋯⋯;能勝任⋯⋯

A kilocalorie is equal to 1,000 calories.
一大卡等於一千卡路里的熱量。

in addition to + N/V-ing
 除了……之外還

In addition to attending school during the day, Sandy goes to work at night.
珊蒂了白天上學之外,晚上要工作。

look forward to + N/V-ing
 期待……

Shelly is looking forward to her birthday party.
雪莉很期待她的生日派對。

object to..
 反對……
object to + N/V-ing
 反對……
= oppose
= be opposed to

Henry objects to what you just said.
亨利反對你剛才說的話。

be opposed to + N/V-ing
 反對……
= oppose
= object to
prefer A to B
 喜歡 A 甚於 B

Eric prefers jazz to classical music.
艾瑞克喜歡爵士樂甚於古典樂。

resort to
 訴諸於......

We'll resort to legal action if you fail to pay the debt by Friday.
如果星期五之前你無法還清債務,我們將採取法律行動。

take to + 地方
 前往⋯⋯

Brown bears take to human communities for food.
棕熊前往人類的社區以尋求食物。

when it comes to...
 當提及/說到⋯⋯

I'm all thumbs when it comes to sewing.
說到縫衣服我可是笨手笨腳的。

speaking of
 說到⋯⋯

Speaking of your brother, what is he studying in college?
說到你弟弟,他在大學讀什麼呢?

adapt to...
 適應⋯⋯

A few people have difficulty adapting to military life.
有些人很難適應軍中的生活。

according to...
 根據⋯⋯

According to the victim, the robber is a lefthanded man.
根據受害者的說法,竊賊是一名左撇子的男子。

a car accident
 車禍

David’s back was seriously injured in a car accident.
大衛在一場車禍中背部受到重傷。

set out to
 著手進行⋯⋯

Ray set out to determine exactly what had happened that night.
著手查明那天晚上發生的事情。

result in...
 引起 / 導致……
= contribute to
= lead to
= give rise to

Sometimes, hesitation can result in missed opportunities.
有時候,猶豫不決會造成錯失良機。

sign a contract with sb
 和某人簽訂合 / 契約

The singer has signed a five-year contract with the record company.
這位歌手唱片公司了 5 年的合約

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