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新聞寫作 1-2 如何下標題(一)

由於空間上的受限,英文新聞的標題已發展出自己的一套文法和標點符號用法,要點如下:
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>> 新聞寫作 1-2 如何下標題(一)

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新聞寫作 1-2 如何下標題(一)

標題的大小寫

  標題的大小寫因各家報社的作風而異。像《紐約時報》( The New York Times )堅持除了冠詞、介詞、連接詞(and、but、or 等)之外,其他每一個字的第一個字母都要大寫(本刊用法亦如此)。《華盛頓郵報》( The Washington Post )及《今日美國》( USA Today )的作法為除了標題第一個字和專有名詞的第一個字母大寫之外,其餘一律小寫。

《 紐約時報》
Melting Greenland Is Awash in Sand
融化中的格陵蘭沙河氾濫

《華盛頓郵報》
Chileans, Argentines gape at total solar eclipse
智利和阿根廷民眾目不轉睛地看日蝕

《今日美國》
New overtime rules coming for small businesses and other employers
小型企業及其他僱主的加班新規定即將上路

由於空間上的受限,英文新聞的標題已發展出自己的一套文法和標點符號用法,要點如下:

一、省略冠詞(a、an、the)和所有格(his、her、their 等)

US Couple Convicted of Enslaving Girl
美國一對夫妻因奴役一名女孩而被判有罪

enlightened標題還原後為:A couple in the United States was convicted of enslaving a girl.

Off-duty Deputy Shot in Head in Fast-food Restaurant
下班的副警長在速食餐廳被人開槍射中頭部

enlightened標題還原後為:An off-duty deputy was shot in the head in a fast-food restaurant.

二、省略任何形式的 be 動詞

Asian Shares Mixed After US Stocks Retreat from Record High
美股從新高下跌後亞股漲跌互見

enlightened標題還原後為:Asian shares were mixed after US stocks retreated from a record high.

Burning Russian Plane Crash-lands at Moscow Airport, at Least 41 Killed
一架起火燃燒的俄羅斯飛機迫降在莫斯科機場,至少四十一人死亡

enlightened標題還原後為:A burning Russian plane crash-landed at the Moscow airport and at least 41 people were killed.

 

練習|試將下列英文新聞標題改寫為完整的英文句子。

  1. UK Heading for Recession
  2. Elderly Woman Killed in Broad Daylight
  3. Missing Teenager Found Safe and Well
  4. Poverty Down in North but Increasing in South
  5. First Ever Black Hole Image Released
  6. Russian Jet Shot Down over Syria

 

參考答案

  1. The UK is heading for (a) recession.
  2. An elderly woman has been / was killed in broad daylight.
  3. A missing teenager has been / was found safe and well.
  4. Poverty is down in the North but is increasing in the South.
  5. The first ever black hole image has been / was released. / The first ever image of a black hole has been / was released.
  6. A Russian jet has been / was shot down over Syria.
>> 新聞寫作 1-1 標題 Guided News
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