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✶鴨界的掌上明珠 認識軟萌柯爾鴨 Small Ducks with Big Personalities

Small Ducks with Big Personalities
#閱讀測驗 #動物
2/27 解析英語

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鴨界的掌上明珠 認識軟萌柯爾鴨 Small Ducks with Big Personalities
鴨子在人類歷史的各個方面一直是不可或缺的一部分 ── 作為象徵、收入來源,甚至是朋友。
>> ✶日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers
目錄 /
Grammar Tips
/
Patterns in Use
/
中文翻譯(& 答案)

 閱讀測驗 

   Ducks have been an integral part of human history in various aspects—as symbols, sources of income, and even companions. Among these, the call duck holds a special place. With its unique quack and cute appearance, this water-dwelling animal has transformed from an assistant into humans’ best friend.

   The story of call ducks began in the 17th century. Bred in the Netherlands, they were initially used by hunters to attract and trap wild ducks. Call ducks have an incredible ability to produce loud quacks, or calls, which are notably different from those of most other ducks. This sound draws waterfowl, which eventually fall prey to traps.

>> 日本:愛麵族的天堂 Japan: A Paradise for Noodle-Lovers

    Adult call ducks are rather small compared to other ducks. They have round heads, button-like dark eyes, short bills and necks, and plump bodies. They may have white, gray, or black feathers. Despite their small stature, they fly well and will take off if threatened or scared.

    Today, call ducks are more likely to be kept as ornamental animals rather than for hunting. If you’re considering raising call ducks at home, here are some helpful tips:

Shelter: Provide an enclosed space in your garden with access to clean water for swimming and drinking.

• Feeding: Feed them a balanced diet that includes grains and vegetables. Avoid giving them bread, which lacks essential nutrients.

Companionship: Call ducks are social animals that need company, so consider keeping several around to ensure they remain happy.

The call duck is a friendly and lovable breed. Plus, their cute appearance allows them to stand out and become beloved pets.

Why were call ducks used for hunting?
(A) They could locate prey with good hearing.
(B) The sounds they made drew prey into traps.
(C) The smell they produced was appealing to wild birds.
(D) They were small enough to enter unreachable areas for humans.
2. Which of the following is a picture of a call duck?
3. Which of the following is NOT recommended when one keeps call ducks as a pet?
(A) Give them space to swim.
(B) Feed them a lot of bread.
(C) Let them stay with their kind.
(D) Allow them to drink clean water whenever they want.
4. What can we learn about call ducks from the passage?
(A) They stay underwater to avoid threats.
(B) They fly well only when they feel scared.
(C) They quack loudly when they see other ducks.
(D) They are now raised as pets instead of being helpers for hunters.

 

 

答案:: 1 B 2 C 3 B 4 D

單字片語整理

Words in Use
company
[ˋkʌmpənɪ]
n. 公司(可數);陪伴(不可數)
bill
[bɪl]
n. 帳單;紙鈔;法案;(鳥)喙
vt. 給……開立 / 寄送帳單
ensure
[ɪnˋʃʊr]
vt. 確保
trap
[træp]
vt. 設陷阱捕捉
n. 陷阱;圈套,騙局,詭計
companion
[kəmˋpænjən]
n. 伴侶,同伴(可數)
initially
[ɪˋnɪʃəlɪ]
adv. 開始時,最初
incredible
[ɪnˋkrɛdəb!]
a. 難以置信的
shelter
[ˋʃɛltɚ]
n. 庇護所(可數);遮蔽物(可數);遮蔽,庇護(不可數)
vt. 遮蔽;保護
access
[ˋæksɛs]
n. (對人、地、物的)接近或使用的權利或門徑(與介詞 to 並用)
vt. 使用;(電腦)存取(資料)
breed
[brid]
.vt. 繁殖;產生(惡果)
vi. 繁殖
n. 品種
beloved
[bɪˋlʌvɪd]
a. 心愛的,受鍾愛的
n. 心愛的人
nutrient
[ˋn(j)utrɪənt]
a. 營養的,滋養的
n. 養分
essential
[ɪˋsɛnʃəl]
a. 必要的,不可或缺的
n. 要素,要點(常用複數)
dwell
[dwɛl]
vi. 居住
stature
[ˋstætʃɚ]
n. . 身高,身材
notably
[ˋnotəblɪ]
adv. . 特別地;明顯地
feather
[ˋfɛðɚ]
n. 羽毛
integral
[ˋɪntəgrəl/ɪn`tɛgrəl]
a. 不可或缺的
companionship
[kəmˋpænjən͵ʃɪp]
n. 陪伴;友誼
enclosed
[ɪnˋklozd]
a. 封閉的
quack
[kwæk]
n. 呱呱的叫聲
vi. 呱呱叫
waterfowl
[ˋwɑtɚfaʊl]
n. 水禽
plump
[plʌmp]
a. 豐滿的,胖嘟嘟的
ornamental
[͵ɔrnəˋmɛnt!]
a. 作為裝飾用的
unreachable
[ˋʌnˋritʃəb!]
a. 無法到達的
Practical Phrases
compare with / to...
 比較……

Compared with my plain boxed meal, Becky’s seemed like a great delicacy.
我很普通的便當相比,貝琪的便當看起來是山珍海味。

fall / be prey to...
 成為……的受害者

Ironically, human beings today are falling prey to unrestrained economic development.
諷刺的是,人類如今漸漸成了毫無節制的經濟發展的受害者

stand out
 顯眼;突出

With purple hair, Dan stands out in a crowd.
頂著紫色的頭髮,阿丹在人群中很顯眼

be appealing to
 對⋯⋯有吸引力

The job’s pay is appealing to job seekers, but very few people meet the requirements.
那工作的薪資求職者有吸引力,但很少人符合要求。

an ornamental animal
 觀賞動物(指因形態、行 為特別而供人觀賞的動物,會飼養在家裡或動物園等處)

Despite their small stature, they fly well and will take off if threatened or scared.

介紹 despitein spite of 表「儘管∕雖然……」的用法

despite 是介詞,表「儘管/雖然⋯⋯」,其後接名詞或動名詞作受詞,形成介詞片語,修飾主要子句,且此介詞片語可置於主要子句之前或之後,置於之前時須置逗點(本文用法)。

Despite the heavy rain, the baseball game continued.

儘管在下大雨,那場棒球賽仍持續進行。

Sarah insisted on her dream of becoming a singer despite facing challenges.

儘管面臨挑戰,莎拉仍堅持著成為歌手的夢想。

in spite of 為片語介詞,亦表「儘管/雖然⋯⋯」,可與 despite 互換使用。

In spite of its limited resources, the small business managed to grow steadily.

儘管資源有限,那間小公司仍得以穩定成長。

※ despite 及 in spite of 之後不可接 that 子句作受詞,須先加 the fact 作受詞,然後再接 that 子句,此 that 子句乃其前 the fact 的同位語。

Despite / In spite of the fact + that 子句, S + V

The newcomer has done well at his job despite the fact that he doesn’t have any related experience.

那位新人雖然沒有任何相關經驗,工作卻做得很好。

though、although 亦表「雖然」,但為副詞連接詞,因此後面要接子句,即等於 “despite / in spite of the fact + that 子句”。

Oliver can’t resist using his phone before bedtime though he feels tired.

雖然覺得很累,奧利佛還是忍不住在睡前使用手機。

--------------------------------------------------------------------

精選試題

My grandpa is keen on learning new things _____ he’s 80 years old.

(A) in spite of (B) despite

(C) though the fact that (D) despite the fact that

答案:D

以下介紹內文中以及其他「可愛的」的常見說法:

a. cute 尤指外表上「可愛」,除了形容小孩、小動物外,也會形容對自己有吸引力的人、事、物。

b. sweet 除了形容小孩子「可愛,迷人」,還可以形容人親切、友善。

c. lovable、likable 是指具有「招人喜愛的,可愛的」的特質。

Koalas are so lovable that few people can resist their cuteness.

無尾熊如此招人喜愛,很少人能抗拒牠們的可愛。

lovely 則是形容人或事物的外表「漂亮的,好看的」,等於 good-looking。

d. adorable  常用來形容人或事物因小巧而「可愛,討人喜歡」,語氣比 cute 強。

The little girl in the pumpkin costume is truly adorable.

那個穿著南瓜服的小女孩真是可愛。

e. endearing  用來形容某人的行為「可愛,惹人喜愛」。

Gina has an endearing habit of licking her lips when she feels nervous.

吉娜有個可愛的習慣,就是緊張時會舔嘴唇。

    鴨子在人類歷史的各個方面一直是不可或缺的一部分 ── 作為象徵、收入來源,甚至是朋友。在這些方面中,柯爾鴨占有特殊的地位。柯爾鴨有著獨特的呱呱聲和可愛的外表,這種水棲動物從助手變成了人類最好的朋友。

    柯爾鴨的故事起始於十七世紀。牠們起初在荷蘭繁殖,被獵人使用來吸引、獵捕野生鴨子。柯爾鴨有著能發出巨大呱呱聲的驚人能力,這也是牠們與其他大多數的鴨子特別不一樣的地方。這種聲音會吸引水禽,致使牠們最終落入陷阱。

    這種聲音會吸引水禽,致使牠們最終落入陷阱。成年柯爾鴨與其他鴨子相比相對較小隻。牠們有著圓頭、鈕扣般的深色眼睛、短喙短脖以及豐滿的身軀。牠們的羽毛可能是
白色、灰色或黑色。儘管身材矮小,牠們卻很會飛,而且遭遇威脅或受到驚嚇時會飛起來。

    如今,柯爾鴨比較有可能被當作觀賞動物飼養,而不是用於狩獵。如果你正在考慮在家養柯爾鴨,這裡有一些有用的建議:
• 遮蔽處:在你的庭院裡提供一個封閉的空間,要有可以游泳和飲用的乾淨水源。
• 餵食:餵牠們吃均衡的飲食,包含穀物和蔬菜。不要給牠們麵包,麵包缺乏必須的養分。
• 陪伴:柯爾鴨是需要陪伴的群居動物,所以可以考慮多養幾隻鴨子以確保牠們保持開心。
    柯爾鴨是友善且可愛的一個品種。此外,牠們的可愛外表還讓牠們脫穎而出成為備受喜愛的寵物。

1. 為什麼柯爾鴨會被用於狩獵?
(A) 牠們能用敏銳的聽覺定位獵物。
(B) 牠們發出的聲音會吸引獵物落入陷阱。
(C) 牠們製造出的氣味對野鳥來說有吸引力。
(D) 牠們小到足以進入人類無法到達的區域。
2. 以下何者是柯爾鴨的圖片?
題解: 根據第三段,柯爾鴨有鈕扣般的深色眼睛、短喙短脖、豐滿的身軀及白、灰或黑色羽毛,故選 (C) 。
3. 養柯爾鴨當寵物時,以下何者不建議做?
(A) 給牠們空間游泳。
(B) 餵牠們吃很多麵包。
(C) 讓牠們與同類待在一起。
(D) 讓牠們隨時想喝乾淨的水時都可以喝。
4. 我們可以從本文得知關於柯爾鴨的什麼事?
(A) 牠們會待在水下以躲避威脅。
(B) 牠們只有在覺得害怕時才飛得好。
(C) 牠們看到其他鴨子時會大聲呱呱叫。
(D) 牠們現在被當寵物飼養,而不是當獵人的助手。

 

本篇內容出自《常春藤解析/生活英語雜誌》,
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Mark Darvill
Mark Darvill
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