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【Collocations大集合】#5 史上最齊全!20個 have 超完整搭配詞情境全攻略!!

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魔王級搭配詞「have」來囉! 20個 have 超完整搭配詞情境全攻略!!
延伸閱讀 >> 解析文法【人稱代名詞】

   不知不覺已經寫到第五篇了,怎麼能錯過「have」這個超常用的動詞呢!包含 have 的 collocations 搭配詞相當多,記憶起來可能會有些困難,所以本篇試著把會使用到的"時機"與"情境"做分類,希望能幫助大家記憶laugh

 

enlightened常見使用到 have 搭配詞的 20 種時機與情境

 1  表示日常活動:

have a meal (breakfast)(dinner) / a drink 用餐(早餐、晚餐)喝一杯
have a smoke 抽菸

  • I usually have my breakfast at 7 o'clock in the morning.(我通常在早上七點吃早餐。)
  • Let's go to the bar and have a drink.(讓我們去酒吧喝一杯。)
  • He likes to have a smoke after meals.(他喜歡飯後抽煙。)

 2  表示行為:

have a conversation / a word / a chat談話或聊天,通常指的是非正式的對話。
have an argument爭論或爭吵

  • I had a good conversation with my friend yesterday.(我昨天跟我的朋友有一次很好的對話。)
  • Can I have a word with you in private?(我能和你私下談一下嗎?)
  • Let's have a chat over coffee.(我們一起喝咖啡聊聊天吧。)
  • We had an argument about politics last night.(昨晚我們因為政治問題爭吵了一次。)

 3  表示遭遇某種情況:

have an accident an emergency a run-in 發生事故、遇到緊急情況、遇到麻煩
have a close call 差點出事(千鈞一髮)
have a problem a difficult(rough) time 遇到問題或困難
have a setback a crisis 遭遇挫折、面臨危機

  • He was late for work this morning because he had an accident on the way. (他今天早上遲到了,因為他在路上發生了事故。)
  • We had an emergency when the power went out during the storm. (當風暴期間斷電時,我們遇到了緊急情況。)
  • He had a run-in with the law when he was caught speeding. (他因超速被逮捕時遇到了麻煩。)
  • We had a close call when the car in front of us suddenly stopped. (當前面的車突然停下時,我們差點出了事。)
  • I have a problem with my computer and can't seem to fix it. (我的電腦有問題,似乎無法修復。)
  • He's having a difficult time adjusting to the new job. (他在適應新工作時遇到了困難。)
  • He had a setback in his career when he was passed over for promotion. (當他沒有獲得升遷時,他的職涯遭遇了挫折。)
  • The company is having a crisis and needs to make some changes. (公司面臨危機,需要做出一些改變。)

 4  表示某些特定的經歷:

have a baby / surgery / dream 意為「生孩子」、「動手術」、「做夢

  • She had a baby girl last week.(她上週生了一個女嬰。)
  • I have to have a surgery next week to remove my appendix.(下週我必須進行手術以移除我的闌尾。)
  • I didn't sleep well last night because I had a dream.(我昨天晚上因為做夢所以沒睡好。)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. famously said, "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed."(馬丁·路德·金 Jr. 著名地說過:"我有一個夢想,有一天這個國家將崛起,並實踐其信條的真正意義。")
enlightenedhave a dream可以指某人的夢境,也可以指某人的夢想或願望,需要根據具體的語境來判斷。

 5  表示正面的情緒感受:

have fun 玩得愉快have a blast  玩得開心(盡興)
have a laugh  感到好笑、幽默或有趣
have a good time 度過美好的時光
have the time of one's life感到非常開心、興奮和滿足

  • We had a lot of fun at the beach last weekend.(我們上週末在海灘玩得很開心。)
  • We had a blast at the amusement park yesterday. (昨天我們在遊樂園玩得很開心。)
  • We always have a laugh when we get together.(我們聚在一起時總是能笑得很開心。)
  • We had a really good time at the beach last weekend. (上週末我們在海灘度過了一個非常愉快的時光。)
  • I had the time of my life on my trip to Europe.(我在歐洲旅行中度過了人生中最美好的時光。)

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 6  表示負面的情緒感受:

have the blues 心情低落或沮喪
have a heavy heart  感到非常沉重或悲傷
have a panic attack
意味着突然出現了強烈的、持續性的恐懼或不安感,通常伴隨著身體上的不適症狀,例如心跳加速、出汗、呼吸急促等。
have a meltdown(fit)意味着在情感上失去了控制,經常表現極端的、憤怒的行為或情緒爆發。
have a bad day度過糟糕的一天。

  • I have the blues today, I think I need a break.(今天我有點沮喪,我想我需要休息。)
  • I have a heavy heart after hearing the news of my friend's illness.(我聽到朋友生病的消息後感到心情沉重。)
  • I have a panic attack when I'm in large crowds.(當我身處於人潮擁擠的地方,我會發生恐慌症狀。)
  • He had a meltdown during the presentation and couldn't finish it.(他在簡報期間崩潰了,無法完成它。)
  • When she found out the restaurant had lost her reservation, she had a fit. (當她發現餐廳弄丟了她的預訂時,她大發雷霆。)
  • She had a bad day at school because she failed her test.(她在學校度過了一個糟糕的一天,因為她測驗不及格了。)

 7  擁有特定的能力或技能:

have a talent / a skill有天賦/才華、有技能
have a knack for對某種技能或才能很有天賦或熟練
have an eye for有欣賞某種事物的眼光

  • He has a real talent for music.(他對音樂真的很有天賦。)
  • I have a skill for problem-solving. (我擅長解決問題。)
  • She has a knack for languages and can speak five different ones fluently.(她很擅長語言學習,可以流利地說五種不同的語言。)
  • He has an eye for detail and always notices the little things.(他很注重細節,總是能發現一些小細節。)

 8  擁有某種特質:

have (a) soul  形容某個人或事物有靈魂、有感性或情感上的深度
have a backbone(spine) / have a backbone of steel表示某人有堅強的意志力和決心
have a thick skin  表示某人能夠忍受批評和負面評價,不會因此而感到傷心或難過。
have the nerve 表示某人有膽量、厚臉皮

  • The artist's paintings have soul and capture the essence of the city.(這位藝術家的畫作很有靈魂,捕捉了這個城市的本質。)
  • I love this old bookstore. It has a soul that you can feel when you walk in.(我喜歡這家老書店。當你走進去時,可以感受到它的靈魂。)
  • You need to have a backbone if you want to be successful in business.(如果你想在商界成功,你需要有堅強的意志力。)
  • A good leader needs to have a spine and be able to make tough decisions.(一個好的領導者需要有堅強的意志力,並能做出艱難的決定。)
  • He has a thick skin and doesn't let negative comments get to him.(他很能忍受,不會讓負面評價影響到他。)
  • I can't believe he had the nerve to ask me for a loan after he already owes me money. (我不敢相信他還有臉皮向我借錢,他已經欠我錢了。)

 

enlightened你都分得清楚了嗎?深呼吸一下,來繼續學其它用法唄~

 

 

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延伸閱讀 >> 【Collocations大集合】#48『lose your lunch money』其實不只是輸掉午餐錢!! 來學 lose 的 14 個搭配詞及俚語使用時機(全)

單字片語整理

Words in Use
full-time
[͵fʊlˋtaɪm]
adv. 全職地
a. 全職的
software
[ˋsɔft͵wɛr]
n. 軟體
engineer
[͵ɛndʒəˋnɪr]
n. 工程師
vt. 策劃
valid
[ˋvælɪd]
a. 有效力的;令人信服的
branch
[bræntʃ]
vi. 分岔
n. 分部,分公司;樹枝
storm
[stɔrm]
vt. & vi. 怒罵
n. 暴風雨
law
[lɔ]
n. 法律(體系)( 不可數,前面常加定冠詞 the);法則,定律
caught
[kɔt]
catch的動詞過去式、過去分詞
suddenly
[ˋsʌdnlɪ]
adv. 突然
adjust
[əˋdʒʌst]
vt. 調整,調節
vi. 適應(與介詞 to 並用)
career
[kəˋrɪr]
n. 職業(尤指終身職業)
a. 職業的
promotion
[prəˋmoʃən]
n. 促進,提倡;升遷;(產品的)促銷
amusement
[əˋmjuzmənt]
n. 娛樂;消遣,娛樂活動
crowd
[kraʊd]
n. 一群人
vt. 擠滿
vi. 聚集
presentation
[͵prizɛnˋteʃən]
n. 授與,頒贈(典禮);口頭報告
fit
[fɪt]
adj. 健康的;合適的
adv. 充滿,非常
n. 合適 / 身
vt. & vi. 適合
solve
[sɑlv]
vt. 解決;解(題)
soul
[sol]
n. 靈魂;人
backbone
[ˋbæk͵bon]
n. . 脊椎骨(= spine);支柱;勇氣,決心
spine
[spaɪn]
n. 脊椎 (骨)
nerve
[nɝv]
n. 神經(可數);膽量,勇氣(不可數)
capture
[ˋkæptʃɚ]
vt. 逮捕;獲得,引起(注意)
n. 逮捕
vt. 刻畫,描繪
essence
[ˋɛsns]
n. 要素,本質;萃取物,精華(不可數)
tough
[tʌf]
a. 堅韌的;嚴厲的;艱苦的,困難的
negative
[ˋnɛgətɪv]
adj. 負面的;否定的
owe
[o]
vt. 欠(債);歸功
check-up
[ˈtʃɛkˌʌp]
n. 健康檢查
flu
[flu]
n. 流行性感冒(= influenza [ :InflU`EnzJ ])
maintain
[menˋten]
vt. 保持;維修保養;堅稱
fluid
[ˋfluɪd]
n. 流體
a. 不固定的,不穩定的
quit
[kwɪt]
vt. 停止;戒除;辭(職)
vi. 辭職
crush
[krʌʃ]
n. 迷戀
vt. 擠壓
faith
[feθ]
n. 信心,信任
patience
[ˋpeʃəns]
n. 耐心
sympathy
[ˋsɪmpəθɪ]
n. 慰問;同情,同感,共鳴
authority
[əˋθɔrətɪ]
n. 權威(不可數);權威人士(可數);有關當局(恆用複數)
figure
[ˋfɪgjɚ]
vt. 認為
n. 數字;身材
mercy
[ˋmɝsɪ]
n. 仁慈
pity
[ˋpɪtɪ]
vt. 同情,憐憫
n. 同情;可惜,遺憾
consideration
[kənsɪdəˋreʃən]
n. 考慮
fire
[faɪr]
n. 火;火堆,篝火
vt. & vi. 發射
vt. 開除
beggar
[ˋbɛgɚ]
n. 乞丐
neighbor
[ˋnebɚ]
n. 鄰居
breakthrough
[ˋbrek͵θru]
n. 突破
anyway
[ˋɛnɪ͵we]
adv. 無論如何,還是,仍然
language
[ˋlæŋgwɪdʒ]
n. 語言
hunch
[hʌntʃ]
vt. & n. & vt. 預感,直覺
doubt
[daʊt]
n. & vt. 懷疑
sense
[sɛns]
vt. 察覺 / 意識到
n. 感覺(五感官之一);意識(感),觀念;含意,意義
trust
[trʌst]
vt. & vi. & n. 信任
confidence
[ˋkɑnfədəns]
n. 信心;(對某人保守秘密)信賴
employee
[͵ɛmplɔɪˋi]
n. 員工
Practical Phrases
a master’s degree
 碩士學位

Brenda has a master’s degree in history.
布蘭達有歷史學的碩士學位

in the past
 在過去(與過去式或過去進行式並用)

Jake was a policeman in the past.
杰克過去是個警察。

in private
 私下地

Let’s not talk about this in public, but we can talk about it in private.
我們不要在公開場合討論這件事,但我們可以私底下談談。

an amusement park
 遊樂園,兒童樂園

The children are looking forward to going to the amusement park.
孩子們期待著去遊樂園

have the blues
 感到憂傷

Mike has had the blues since his favorite tennis player announced his retirement.
自從他最愛的網球員宣布退休後,麥克就一直很沮喪

a heavy heart
 心情沉重

Frank left with a heavy heart.
法蘭克帶著沉重的心情離開了。

have an eye for
 對...有眼光/鑑賞力

Nancy always looks great because she has an eye for fashion.
南希看起來總是很亮眼,因為她時尚很有眼光

have (a) thick skin
 臉皮很厚
have the nerve to V
 有勇氣做……
= have the guts to V
= have the courage to V

Arthur doesn’t have the nerve to apologize to Bonnie for what he said.
亞瑟沒有勇氣為他說的話向邦妮道歉。

a heart attack
 心臟病發作

After Cindy's father had a heart attack, he quit smoking.
辛蒂的父親在一次心臟病發作後便戒菸了。

be rushed to...
 很快被送到……

Tom was rushed to the hospital because he was bleeding severely.
湯姆因為大量失血,很快地被送到醫院。

(for)a while
 一會兒

I'll stay here for a while.

我將在這裡停留一會兒

have a crush on sb
 迷戀某人
= be infatuated with sb

Wayne has a crush on the beautiful girl who helped him today.
韋恩迷戀上今天幫他忙的美女。

have faith in...
 對……有信心
= have trust in
= have belief in

I have faith in your honesty.
信任你的誠實。

have trust in...
 對……有信心
have confidence in...
 對……有信心

We have confidence in the new product.
我們這項新產品有信心

have sympathy for...
 同情……

The rich man has no sympathy for the poor.

那位有錢人對窮人一點都沒同情心

deal with...
 與……交易;處理……/ 應付....

This week, I have a lot of work to deal with.
這個星期我有很多工作要處理

Fred had to deal with a difficult customer at work today.
弗瑞德今天上班時必須應付一位難纏的客人。

a sense of...
 ⋯⋯的感覺(成就感、安全感、責任感⋯⋯等)

Chris is a joker, and he has a great sense of humor.
克里斯愛開玩笑,而且他很有幽默

have mercy on sb
 可憐 / 饒了某人

Please have mercy on me. I’ll never do that again.
饒了我。我不會再犯了。

have pity on sb
 可憐 / 饒了某人

Please have pity on me. I’ll never do that again.
饒了我。我不會再犯了。

have a sweet tooth
 愛吃甜食

Mary has a sweet tooth.
瑪麗很愛吃甜食

have a shot
 打針,注射

Infants younger than 6 months old can’t have a flu shot.
不足 6 個月大的嬰兒不能注射流感疫苗。

have / get butterflies in one’s stomach
 某人感到很緊張

Nicole had butterflies in her stomach when the teacher called her name.
老師叫到妮可的名字時她緊張死了。

have a hunch that...
 有……的預感
= have a feeling that...

 I have a hunch that it will rain this afternoon. 
有預感今天下午會下雨。

have second thoughts
 有其他想法,改變心意

Craig was going to buy the car, but he had second thoughts.
克雷格本來打算要買車,但他改變心意了。

have trust in...
 信任……

Since Sam has lied to me, I have no trust in him.
因為山姆對我說過謊,我一點也不相信他。

回饋與建議

為了提供更好的閱讀體驗與學習感受,有任何建議或問題歡迎留言讓我們知道,感謝~

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