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【英文整聊室-常犯英文錯誤 Ep.47】be superior to... 或 be more superior than...?小心別用錯!

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be superior to... 或 be more superior than...?小心別用錯!
superior 的用法清楚嗎?小心別用錯了!
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 本集題目 

1. That company lost some customers because their products are __________ my company’s.
(A) inferior than           (B) more inferior than          (C) more inferior to           (D) inferior to

 

(答案在文末)

 

 

Unit 47  be superior to... 或 be more superior than...?

 

superior 表「較優越的」,為 -ior 結尾的形容詞,其用法如下:

a. -ior 結尾的形容詞一定與介詞 to 並用,不可套用在 “more... than...” 的比較級結構中。
常用的這些形容詞如下:
superior(較優越的)inferior(較差的)senior(級別較高的)junior(級別較低的)prior(先前的)

 

This product is far more superior than that one in quality. (X)
This product is far superior to that one in quality. (O)
= This product is far better than that one in quality. (O)
(這項產品的品質要比那項產品優越多了。)

As far as quality goes, this pen is more inferior than yours. (X)
As far as quality goes, this pen is inferior to yours. (O)
(就品質而言,這支筆比你的筆差一些。)

A captain is more junior than a major. (X)
A captain is junior to a major. (O)
(上尉官階要比少校低。)

The general manager is more senior than the assistant manager.(X)
→ The general manager is (far) senior to the assistant manager. (O)
(總經理的地位要比協理高很多。)

Prior to / Before the war, Mr. Li taught English in a small rural junior high school.
(戰爭前,李先生在鄉下一所國中教英文。)

 

b. senior 及 junior 可作名詞,分別表「年長者」及「年輕者」。

Patty is senior to me by two years. (X)
                    adj.

→ Patty is two years senior to me. (O)
                      adv.       adj.

= Patty is two years my senior. (O)            
                                          n.

= Patty is older than I by two years. (O)

= Patty is two years older than I. (O)

(派蒂比我大兩歲。)

 

Carl is junior to me by two years. (X)
                adj.

= Carl is two years my junior. (O)
                                       n.

= Carl is younger than I by two years. (O)

(卡爾比我小兩歲。)

但 Carl is two years junior to me. (罕)
                 adj.
 (卡爾比我小兩歲。)

 

 

答案: (D)

 

 

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